White Cube Bermondsey opened in October 2011 and is the largest of the gallery's three sites, incorporating more than 5,000m² of interior space. The building, which was previously a 1970s warehouse, was renovated and designed by London and Berlin-based architects Casper Mueller Kneer. At the time of its launch it was the biggest commercial gallery in Europe and along with the exhibition spaces, also incorporates private-viewing rooms, offices, an art warehouse, a bookshop and an auditorium for public events and screenings. The South Galleries provide the principal display area for major exhibitions, with three smaller galleries, known collectively as the North Galleries, being used for smaller-scale, innovative shows. In addition, a central, top-lit, 81m² gallery named 9 x 9 x 9, is used for special projects or to display a single artwork or installation. White Cube Bermondsey has hosted a variety of important exhibitions, such as the first UK showing of work by Theaster Gates, a comprehensive retrospective of prints by Chuck Close, and the largest presentation of Anselm Kiefer's work ever staged in London.